The female breasts are located on top of the muscles of the chest wall. This we all know.
Do you only worry about the size of your boobs? as some would like to call it or if it’s becoming saggy? And you worry about getting drugs you could take or go for surgery to get a bigger boobs or get your desired breast?
Well there are some other things you need to know and educate yourself about when it comes to your breasts.
It is thought that breast cancer is a disease of the developed World, but that is not so true. About 50% of breast cancer cases and 58% of deaths occur in less developed countries (GLOBOCAN 2008).
It is also estimated that 508 000 women died in 2011 due to breast cancer all over the World (Global Health Estimate).
In 2018 over 2 million women were diagnosed of breast cancer.
And sadly there are still cases of breast cancer being diagnosed almost every day.
TYPES OF BREAST CANCER
1. Ductal carcinoma in situ(DCIS): a non-invasive cancer where abnormal cells are found in the lining of the breast milk duct.
2. Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC): The abnormal cancer cell that began forming in the milk ducts have spread beyond the ducts into other parts of the tissue.
3. Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC): An aggressive and fast growing breast cancer, in which cancer cells infiltrate the skin and lymph vessels of the breast.
4. Triple negative breast cancer(TNBC): The diagnosis of three most common types of receptors known to fuel most breast cancer growth(estrogen, progesterone and HER-2/neu gene) are not present in the cancer tumor.
5. Breast cancer during pregnancy: It is possible to be diagnosed with breast cancer during pregnancy.
SYMPTOMS OF BREAST CANCER.
1. Changes to the skin over the breast,such as dimpling
2. A newly inverted nipple.
3. Peeling, scaling or flaking of the. pigmented area of the skin surrounding the nipple or breast skin.
4. Change in the size, shape or appearance of a breast.
5. A breast lump or thickening that feels different from surrounding tissue
6. Redness or pitting of the skin over yourbreast, like the akin of an orange.
CAUSES OF BREAST CANCER.
1. Drinking alcohol.
2. Beginning your period at early age( under age 12).
3. Beginning menopause at an older age.
4. Having your first child at an older age.
6. A personal history of breast cancer(if you’ve had a breast biopsy that found lobular carcinoma in with you have an increased risk of breast cancer)
7. A family history of breast cancer. If any member of your family had breast cancer before, there is an increased chance of you having breast cancer.
8. Inherited genes. A well known gene mutations referred to as BRCA1 and BRCA2, which can be inherited from parent cause breast cancer.
Exposure to Radiation. If you’ve received radiation treatments to your chest. The risk of having breast cancer is increased.
PREVENTION OF BREAST CANCER.
Below are some preventive measures that would help reduce the risk of breast cancer.
1. Limit or if possible avoid alcohol.
2. Breast feed. Breast feeding for a total of one year or more lowers the risk of a woman getting breast cancer.
3. Avoid birth control pills. Especially after age 35.
4. Keep weight in check.
5. Avoid post -menopausal hormones.
6. Find out if any member of your family had breast cancer. A genealogist can help you out and if there are any traced of breast cancer in your family, necessary woild be taken to risk your chances of getting breast cancer.
7. Avoid exposure to radiation.
Substantial support for breast cancer awareness and research funding has helped created advances in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. Breast cancer survival rates have increased, and the number of deaths associated with this disease is steadily declining, largely due to factors such as earlier detection, a new personalized approach to treatment and a better understanding of the disease.
Hence it very advisable you go for breast cancer test, especially after your monthly courses (menstrual period)