Prostate issues are a normal part of getting older for many men. Hormonal changes cause enlarged prostates in almost 90 percent of men by the time they turn 80. But while an enlarged prostate can be uncomfortable, it is prostate cancer that men should be most concerned about.
Here are the 10 important facts every man should know about prostate cancer.
1. It is more common than you think.
Prostate cancer is the most common type of nonskin cancer among men and the second leading cause of death by cancer in men, after lung cancer.
2. It can be cured — if caught early.
Prostate cancer is that it is a relatively benign, slow-growing cancer, With early detection, the cure rate for prostate cancer is almost 99 percent. The number drops significantly in more aggressive cancers. This underscores how vital screening and early detection are for saving the lives of men with prostate cancer.
3. You might need early screening.
Early detection can have such a large effect on a patient’s outcome, get a personalized assessment of when they should start screening rather than simply getting the standard exam at age 50. Depending on family history and other risk factors, starting screening as early as age 40 may be the right choice.
4. Race affects risk.
The highest risk for prostate cancer of any American males, while Asian-Americans have the lowest risk in the country. For the entire U.S. male population, one in seven get prostate cancer, but that number is one in every five for African-American men.
5. There are symptoms, but they’re not definitive.
The symptoms of prostate cancer, attributed to other things, like prostatitis. These things like needing to pee frequently or having trouble controlling the urine stream, as well as sexual issues like erection dysfunction or painful ejaculation. Check with your doctor if you experience any of these, but don’t wait to experience them before getting screened for prostate cancer.
6. Screening tools are getting better.
Tests measuring the levels of prostate specific antigen, or PSA, only show that something unusual is happening with the prostate. And the standard biopsy for prostate cancer takes samples from a fixed pattern around the organ rather than pinpointing specific tumors.
A test that detect early-stage prostate cancer cells in the blood. With the very high sensitivity of the test, we were the able to detect circulating tumor cells in patients with localized prostate cancer.
7. Prostate cancer doesn’t always require surgery or treatment.
When a man is diagnosed with prostate cancer, the aggressiveness of the cancer is determined using a tool called the Gleason Scale. Prostate cancer with a Gleason score of 6 or less is considered low risk, 7 is intermediate and 8 to 10 is high risk.
Those with low-risk cancers, there is a good chance the cancer will grow so slowly that they won’t need treatment in their lifetimes.
8. Consider the long-term effects of treatment.
You and your doctor should consider the potential long-term effects of treatment and weigh them against the aggressiveness of the cancer. the Prostate Cancer radiation treatment for prostate cancer, a significant number of the men had experienced either sexual dysfunction, problems urinating, or both — issues that significantly reduce a man’s quality of life.
9. Treatments vary widely.
The treatment plan for each case of prostate cancer is determined on a case-by-case basis. Treatment require a surgical procedure to destroy the tumors or remove the prostate. It also include radiation, chemotherapy, hormone treatments or immunotherapies.
10. Lifestyle changes might help — but it’s not a magic cure.
The lifestyle factors like diet and obesity and increased rates of prostate cancer, though age, family history and race remain the most significant risk factors. The best lifestyle changes men make to improve their prostate health are ones that improve overall health: quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight and eating a diet that is high in fruits, vegetables and whole grains, and low in red meats and full-fat dairy products